The Holy Gospel according to Luke. Glory to you, O Lord.
Now as [Jesus and his disciples] went on their way, he entered a certain village, where a woman named Martha welcomed him into her home. She had a sister named Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to what he was saying. But Martha was distracted by her many tasks; so she came to him and asked, “Lord, do you not care that my sister has left me to do all the work by myself? Tell her then to help me.” But the Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are worried and distracted by many things; there is need of only one thing. Mary has chosen the better part, which will not be taken away from her.”
The Gospel of the Lord. Praise to you, O Christ.
Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of our hearts, be acceptable in your sight O Lord, our strength & our redeemer. (Psalm 19:14)
How distracted are you? Chances are you are more distracted than you think. In our world of hyper-connectivity and multi-tasking, we are encouraged to do more with less, fit more activities into shorter time frames, and keep multiple plates spinning, ducks in a row, and balls in the air. Sometimes just thinking about everything on my “to-do” list makes me tired. In fact, I can easily replace Martha’s
name with my own and say with a mighty sigh “But Jamie was distracted by his many tasks.” I just hope my survivors aren’t tempted to engrave that on my tombstone!
Seriously, I’m pretty sure a lot of us could insert our own names into this sentence and find it an all-too-perfect fit for the pace and scope of our daily lives. And what is all this busyness getting us? One could at least hope for more efficiency and productivity, right?
Nope. Hopefully we;ve become better, but according to a 2001 study, participants who switched between multiple tasks lost significant amounts of time, and the more complex the tasks, the more time lost. So not only are we more distracted, we’re less efficient.
Abraham does not want to miss the blessing of the presence of God; he runs from the entrance of his tent to meet the visitors. A striking comparison to the way most people enter church to worship God, no? I don’t know if Abraham ever “sauntered” or “sashayed”—much less wandered aimlessly while carrying on several conversations at once.
God delivers a message of promise and hope to Abraham on this day. A question that comes to mind is: could it be that the earnestness of the man of faith had anything to do with the greatness of the blessing of God?
Poor Martha — she gets the double tsk from Jesus for becoming so distracted.
We can all appreciate that she wants to set a good table, and to be sure that everything that is supposed to happen to honor Jesus’ visit to her house does happen on schedule and is well-done.
Mary may not be the beacon of sisterly responsibility here, but she does illustrate the ability to focus on the most important task at hand—listening to Jesus.
How do we find the balance in our lives between having time to sit with Jesus and accomplishing the daily tasks that must be done?
Here’s a trick question: Are you a Mary or a Martha?
If you have ever spent time hearing interpretations of today’s gospel passage, you probably understand the dichotomy in the question. Martha, we often say, is the “active” one, rushing around, busying herself with the demanding practicalities of life. Mary, on the other hand, is the “contemplative” one, resting attentively at Jesus’ feet, engaged in a more conventionally prayerful, intellectual encounter with her Lord.
Two sisters, two followers of Jesus, and, we are told, two diverging possibilities for discipleship, with Mary’s prayerful receptivity being “the better part” and, therefore, the one to which we are taught to aspire.
It’s not surprising that we tend to engage the story in this way, as a sort of spiritual personality test. We love personality tests. Consider the enduring popularity of frameworks and tools that measure and compare our dispositions, from astrological signs to the Enneagram to those random Facebook quizzes that reveal which dog breed or Disney Princess you resemble. We are and always have been—in ways both meaningful and absurd—people desperately seeking a glimpse of ourselves. We sift through our habits and tendencies for some definitive indicator of who we are, some solid thing at our core, a name by which we might be distinguishable in this increasingly crowded and confusing world.
And so, when we hear Luke’s Gospel today, we might ask ourselves: which one are you? Martha or Mary? Busy or mindful? Striving or tranquil? Perhaps, as you hear the question right now, you can already feel the pressure of having the right answer, of measuring up, of choosing that “better part.”
But before you get too lost in all of that, remember what was said at the outset: it’s a trick question. It is a false choice. It is false because it is not the choice that Jesus, by way of this text, asks us to make. Jesus is not pitting the sisters against one another, nor is he creating a hierarchy of modes of discipleship. The dichotomies that we read into the text are our own fabrications, borne of our own desire to render the world intelligible through categories and labels. We do this all the time, in ways both benign (like the roles we take on in a group of friends) and destructive (like the reductive stereotypes that continue to harm people at the margins).
This is not Jesus’ agenda. When he tells Martha that Mary has “chosen the better part” he is not challenging Martha’s “personality,” nor is he even rejecting Martha’s present busyness, but is instead gently calling her back to the fullness of herself, reminding her of both the ground of her being and the purposeful endpoint, of all of this good, hard, and necessary work: namely, himself.
Martha lives and serves, as we all do, in the name of Jesus, the One who has knocked upon her door and who now abides in the midst of her activities. The cooking and the cleaning and the mending and the tending of small, daily things—all of this holds the possibility of divine inbreaking, but only when those things are done in mindfulness of God’s ever-present love. That mindfulness is what we must bring to the table as disciples, and so Jesus simply wants Martha not to lose sight of him, knowing, as he does, how easy it is to become “worried and distracted by many things.”
What he offers, then, is not a competition between Mary and Martha as archetypes of greater and lesser discipleship, nor a distinction between the relative virtues of being and doing, but instead the continuous and crucial choice that each of us must make, in all that we do, between remembering Jesus or forgetting him. This is a Gospel story that calls us to remember. This is a Gospel story in which Martha is asked—as we are—to do this—all of this, everything—in remembrance of him.
And how badly we need that reminder, especially now, caught up as we are in the continuous stream of those “many things” that trouble the world around us. How tempting it can be to look at the state of the world, or even the state of the Church, and to feel a low-grade panic rise in our throats, repeating to ourselves like a mantra, or a plea: more to be done, more to be done, more to be done.
Of course, there is more to be done. Much more, and much of it will be different from what we have done before and who we have been before. The Kingdom requires us to roll up our sleeves. But as we do so, as we make our lists and tend to the cracks and the spills and the dusty corners of our days, we cannot forget that we do not act by ourselves or for ourselves. We do so in the name of Jesus. We do so in and through the power of his peace.
This is what Martha needed to remember, and it is a necessary reminder whenever we sit down, as individuals or as a community, to consider who we are and where we are going.
- We must ask ourselves not only what to do, but why, and for whom?
- Why do we work so hard to keep our faith communities healthy?
- Why do we persist with our traditions in the midst of widespread apathy and violence?
- Why do we dare to dream of a world that is guided by love and justice when too often we see a world burdened by fear and inequality?
The answer cannot simply be, as many denominations love to say, “because we’ve always done it that way.” The answer must be Jesus. We work hard because of Jesus. We persist because of Jesus. We dare to dream because of Jesus. We cannot forget this; we cannot forget him, no matter what we do.
We are not given, in the text, Martha’s response to the Lord. It would not really make much sense, though, to infer that she suddenly dropped all of her work at that moment and sat alongside her sister. After all, there were still mouths to feed, still places to be set at the table, still broken fragments of this or that to be gathered up and repaired. There still are all of these things to be done, and there always will be, and thanks be to God for the grace we are each given to do the necessary, unglamorous work that sustains us. It is holy work, done upon the holy ground that is, in fact, everywhere, once we remember to look for it.
So no, you are not a Martha. You are not a Mary. All of us are both of them, and neither, for love requires us sometimes to strive and other times to be still. They are not separate paths, but merely the varied landscape of the single Way back home. And yet if, in your search for yourself, you still feel a longing for that one definitive identifier, that purest distillation of your soul, let it be the one name that calls each of us back to our deepest truth—Jesus. You are a lover of Jesus. A follower of Jesus. A servant of Jesus.
- Will you not forget him, for as long as you live?
This, my friends, is not a trick question.